India is the largest country in the Indian Subcontinent and shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka lies to the south, Maldives to the south-west and Indonesia to the south-east of India in the Indian Ocean.
India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population, although its much higher birth rate makes it likely to reach pole position in less than ten years.
Attractions in India
- Goa Fair(carnival)
- Surajkund Mela
- Holi-The Spring Festival
- Pushkar Mela
Destinations in India
- Below is a selection of ten of India’s most notable cities. Other cities can be found under their specific regions.
- Delhi — the capital of India and the heart of Northern India.
- Bangalore — The garden city, once the sleepy home of pensioners now transformed into Silicon city with alot of software companies establishing their offices in the city.
- Hyderabad — The City of Pearls. A major R&D hub and pharma capital of India and home to Software giants such as Microsoft, Google outside the USA.
- Chennai (formerly Madras) — main port in Southern India, cradle of Carnatic Music and Bharatanatyam, home of the famous Marina beach, Automobile Capital of India and a fast emerging IT hub.
- Jaipur — the Pink City is a major exhibit of the Hindu Rajput culture of medieval Northern India.
- Kochi (formerly Cochin) — the Queen of Arabian Sea, historically, a centre of international trade, now the gateway to the sandy beaches and backwaters.
- Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) — the cultural capital of India, Kolkata is home to numerous colonial buildings. It is known as The City of Joy.
- Mumbai (formerly ‘Bombay) — the financial capital of India, “Bollywood” (Indian Hindi Film Industry) hub.
- Shimla — the former summer capital of British India located in the Himalayan foothills with a large legacy of Victorian architecture.
- Varanasi — considered the most sacred Hindu city, located on the banks of the Ganges, one of the oldest continually inhabited cities of the world.